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Panas, T.. 2001 Development of the palaeoenvironmental database for the SCAPE Project E-SCAPE Manuscript 3.

Parmalee, P. W., and R. W. Graham. 2002. Additional records of the giant beaver (Castoroides) from the midsouth: Alabama, Tennessee, and South Carolina. R. J. Emry (ed.). Cenozoic mammals of land and sea: tributes to the career of Clayton E. Ray. Contributions to Paleobiology 93. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C..

Parnell, A. C., J. Haslett, J. R. M. Allen, C. E. Buck, and B. Huntley. 2008. A flexible approach to assessing synchroneity of past events using Bayesian reconstructions of sedimentation history. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:1872-1885. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.07.009.

Pasenko, M. R., and B. W. Schubert. 2004. Mammuthus jeffersonii (Proboscidea, Mammalia) from northern Illinois. PaleoBios 24(3):19-24.

Payette, S.. 2004. Determining the age of the mid-Holocene Tsuga canadensis (hemlock) decline, eastern North America: a comment on Bennett and Fuller. The Holocene 14:949-950.

Pearman, P. B., C. F. Randin, O. Broennimann, P. Vittoz, W. O. van der Knapp, R. Engler, G. Le Lay, N. E. Zimmermann, and A. Guisan. 2008. Prediction of plant species distributions across six millennia. Ecology Letters 11:357-369. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01150.x.

Peng, C. H., J. Guiot, and E. Van Campo. 1998. Past and future carbon balance of European ecosystems from pollen data and climatic models simulations. Global and Planetary Change 18:189-200.

Peng, C. H., J. Guiot, and E. Van Campo. 1998. Estimating changes in terrestrial vegetation and carbon storage : using palaeoecological data and models. Quaternary Science Reviews 17:719-735.

Peng, C. H., J. Guiot, E. Van Campo, and R. Cheddadi. 1995. The variations of carbon storage in the terrestrial ecosystems in Europe at 6000 yr BP: estimate from pollen using two empirical models. Journal of Biogeography 22:863-873.

Peng, C. H., J. Guiot, E. Van Campo, and R. Cheddadi. 1995. Temporal and spatial variations of terrestrial biomes and carbon storage since 13 000 yr BP in Europe: Reconstruction from pollen data and statistical models. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 82:375-390.

Peng, C. H., J. Guiot, E. Van Campo, and R. Cheddadi. 1994. The vegetation carbon storage variation in Europe since 6000 yr BP: reconstruction from pollen. Journal of Biogeography 21:19-31.

Peros, M. C., and K. Gajewski. 2008. Holocene climate and vegetation change on Victoria Island, western Canadian Arctic. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:235-249. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.09.002.

Peros, M. C., and K. Gajewski. 2008. Testing the reliability of pollen-based diversity estimates. Journal of Paleolimnology 40:357-368. doi:10.1007/s10933-007-9166-2.

Peros, M. C., and K. Gajewski. 2009. Pollen-based reconstructions of late Holocene climate from the central and western Canadian Arctic. Journal of Paleolimnology 41:161-175. doi:10.1007/s10933-008-9256-9.

Peros, M. C., E. G. Reinhardt, and A. M. Davis. 2007. A 6000-year record of ecological and hydrological changes from Laguna de la Leche, north coastal Cuba. Quaternary Research 67:69-82. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2006.08.004.

Peros, M. C., K. Gajewski, and A. E. Viau. 2008. Continental-scale tree population response to rapid climate change, competition and disturbance. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17:658-669. doi:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00406.x.

Peros, M., K. Gajewski, T. Paull, R. Ravindra, and B. Podritske. 2010. Multi-proxy record of postglacial environmental change, south-central Melville Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Quaternary Research 73:247-258.

Petit, J. R., I. Aguinagalde, J.-L. de Beaulieu, C. Bittkau, S. Brewer, R. Cheddadi, R. Ennos, S. Fineschi, D. Grivet, M. Lascoux, A. Mohanty, G. Müller-Starck, B. Demesure-Musch, A. Palmé, J. P. Martin, S. Rendell, and G. G. Vendramin. 2003. Glacial refugia: hotspots but not melting pots of genetic diversity. Science 300:1563-1565.

Petit, R. J., E. Pineau, B. Demesure, R. Bacilieri, A. Ducousso, and A. Kremer. 1997. Chloroplast DNA footprints of postglacial recolonization by oaks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94:9996-10001.

Petit, R. J., R. Bialozyt, P. Garnier-Géré, and A. Hampe. 2004. Ecology and genetics of tree invasions: from recent introductions to Quaternary migrations. Forest Ecology and Management 197:117-137.

Petit, R. J., S. Brewer, S. Bordács, K. Burg, R. Cheddadi, E. Coart, J. Cottrell, U. M. Csaikl, B. van Dam, J. D. Deans, S. Espinel, S. Fineschi, R. Finkeldey, I. Glaz, P. G. Goicoechea, J. S. Jensen, A. O. König, A. J. Lowe, S. F. Madsen, G. Mátyás, R. C. Munro, F. Popescu, D. Slade, H. Tabbener, S. G. M. de Vries, B. Ziegenhagen, J.-L. de Beaulieu, and A. Kremer. 2002. Identification of refugia and post-glacial colonisation routes of European white oaks based on chloroplast DNA and fossil pollen evidence. Forest Ecology and Management 156:49-74.

Peyron, O., J. Guiot, R. Cheddadi, P. Tarasov, M. Reille, J.-L. de Beaulieu, S. Bottema, and V. Andrieu. 1998. Climatic reconstruction in Europe for 18,000 yr BP from pollen data. Quaternary Research 49:183–196.

Pickett, E. J., S. P. Harrison, G. Hope, K. Harle, J. R. Dodson, P. A. Kershaw, I. C. Prentice, J. Backhouse, E. A. Colhoun, D. D'Costa, J. Flenley, J. Grindrod, S. Haberle, C. Hassell, C. Kenyon, M. Macphail, H. Martin, A. H. Martin, M. McKenzie, J. C. Newsome, D. Penny, J. Powell, J. I. Raine, W. Southern, J. Stevenson, J.-P. Sutra, I. Thomas, S. van der Kaars, and J. Ward. 2004. Pollen-based reconstructions of biome distributions for Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific (SEAPAC region) at 0, 6000 and 18,000 14C yr BP. Journal of Biogeography 31:1381-1444. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jbi.

Pickett, E. J., S. P. Harrison, G. Hope, K. Harle, J. R. Dodson, P. A. Kershaw, I. C. Prentice, J. Backhouse, E. A. Colhoun, D. D'Costa, J. Flenley, J. Grindrod, S. Haberle, C. Hassell, C. Kenyon, M. Macphail, H. Martin, A. H. Martin, M. McKenzie, J. C. Newsome, D. Penny, J. Powell, J. I. Raine, W. Southern, J. Stevenson, J.-P. Sutra, I. Thomas, S. van der Kaars, and J. Ward. 2004. Pollen-based reconstructions of biome distributions for Australia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific (SEAPAC region) at 0, 6000 and 18,000 14C yr BP. Journal of Biogeography 31:1381-1444. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/jbi.

Pisaric, M. F. J., J. M. Szeicz, T. Karst, and J. P. Smol. 2000. Comparison of pollen and conifer stomates as indicators of alpine treeline in northwestern Canadian lake sediments. Canadian Journal of Botany 78:1180-1186.

Plager, S. R., and R. N. Holmer. 2003. Vegetation changes in the upper Snake, Yellowstone, and Green River drainages: The last 14,000 years. Pages 148-163 in K. T. Weber (ed.). Final report: Wildfire effects on rangeland ecosystems and livestock grazing in Idaho. Idaho State University's GIS Training and Research Center, Pocatello, Idaho.

Polaco, O. J., J. Arroyo-Cabrales, E. Corona-M., and J. G. López-Oliva. 2001. The American mastodon Mammut americanum in Mexico. Pages 237-242 in G. Cavarretta, P. Giola, M. Mussi, and M. R. Palombo (ed.). The World of Elephants: Proceedings of the 1st International Congress, Rome, Italy, 16-20 October 2001. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, Italy.

Pott, R.. 2000. Palaeoclimate and vegetation—long-term vegetation dynamics in central Europe with particular reference to beech. Phytocoenologia 30.

Powell, J. A., and N. E. Zimmermann. 2004. Multiscale analysis of active seed dispersal contributes to resolving Reid's paradox. Ecology 85:490-506.

Prebble, M., and J. L. Dowe. 2008. The late Quaternary decline and extinction of palms on oceanic Pacific islands. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:2546-2567. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.09.015.

Prebble, M., and J. L. Dowe. 2008. The late Quaternary decline and extinction of palms on oceanic Pacific islands. Quaternary Science Reviews 27:2546-2567. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.09.015.

Prentice, I. C., and T. Webb III. 1994 Global palaeovegetation data for climate-biosphere model evaluation: A project to develop global biome data sets for 6000 and 18000 14C-yr BP from pollen and plant macrofossil records BIOME 6000: Towards a global palaeovegetation data set. IGBP-DIS/GAIM/GCTE/ PAGES. Horby, Sweden.

Prentice, I. C., D. Jolly, and BIOME 6000 participants. 2000. Mid-Holocene and glacial-maximum vegetation geography of the northern continents and Africa. Journal of Biogeography 27:507-519.

Prentice, I. C., J. Guiot, B. Huntley, D. Jolly, and R. Cheddadi. 1996. Reconstructing biomes from palaeoecological data: a general method and its application to European pollen data at 0 and 6 ka. Climate Dynamics 12:185-194.

Prentice, I. C., S. P. Harrison, D. Jolly, and J. Guiot. 1998. The climate and biomes of Europe at 6000 yr BP: comparison of model simulations and pollen-based reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 17:659-668.

Prevosti, F. J., and A. D. Rincon. 2007. A new fossil canid assemblage from the late Pleistocene of northern South America: The canids of the Inciarte Asphalt Pit (Zulia, Venezuela), fossil record and biogeography. Journal of Paleontology 81(5):1053-1065.

Pross, J., S. Klotz, and V. Mosbrugger. 2000. Reconstructing palaeotemperatures for the Early and Middle Pleistocene using the mutual climatic range method based on plant fossils. Quaternary Science Reviews 19:1785-1799.

Punyasena, S. W.. 2008. Estimating Neotropical palaeotemperature and palaeoprecipitation using plant family climatic optima. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 265:226-237. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.04.025.